The American Soldier, from a 1945 poster: Infantry Officer Advancing. Germany.
Tankers and Infantrymen:
the 5th Infantry and 4th Armored Division, who fought as teammates in Lt.
Gen. George S. Patton, Jr.'s, Third Army, show the combat uniform worn in
the European theater in early 1945. The continued trend toward protective
coloration and simplicity of style can be seen in these uniforms. All are
olive green, varying only in the design of the individual pieces of apparel,
which were adapted to the differing needs of the various branches of the
center foreground and right background are two infantrymen, a major and his
radioman. They were wearing wool trousers, the latest style cotton cloth
field jacket, wool scarves, and leather gloves, but they are still using the
old natural leather filed shoe with the buckle top added. The covers worn
over their steel helmets show adaptation for varying combat conditions --
dark for field and forest activities and white for winter conditions. The
major's rank is indicated by the gold oak leaves on his shoulder straps and
the oak leaf painted on his helmet cover. The radioman's grade, private
first class, is shown by the single chevrons on his sleeves. Both men wear
the divisional shoulder sleeve insignia, the Red Diamond. The major is armed
with a .30-caliber M-1 carbine in addition to the .45-caliber automatic
pistol prescribed for his rank and duty, while his radioman is armed with a
.30-caliber M-1 rifle, the basic infantry weapon of World War II. The
radioman wears his drab canvas musette bag slung over his right shoulder,
and the major carries his brown leather map case in his right hand.
left background is a Sherman medium tank with a 76-mm. gun and members of
its crew. The tankers all wear the hard composition helmet prescribed for
armored troops. The tank guard wears a field jacket of suiting lined with
wool and with knitted cuffs, collar, and waistband over his tanker overalls
and he also wears the new all laced combat boot. His technician 5th grade
classification is shown by the two olive green chevrons with a "T"
underneath on a black background on each sleeve. ON his right shoulder is
the red, yellow, and blue triangular shoulder sleeve insignia, common to all
armored divisions, with the numeral 4 in black on it denoting the 4th
Armored Division. The tank guard is armed with a .45 Thompson sub-machine
gun, a vehicular weapon intended for use in just the fashion illustrated.